ante -room:an antechamber, typically serving as a waiting room.
antecedent: a thing or event that existed before or logically precedes another
antechamber:a small room leading to a main one.
antedate:precede in time; come before (something) in date
antebellum:occurring or existing before a particular war, esp. the American Civil War
antibiotic:relating to, involving, or denoting antibiotics
anticlimax:a disappointing end to an exciting or impressive series of events
Antarctic:of or relating to the south polar region or Antarctica.
anti_aircraft:(esp. of a gun or missile) used to attack enemy aircraft.
antivirus: of software) designed to detect and destroy computer viruses.
contradiction:the statement of a position opposite to one already made
contrast:the state of being strikingly different from something else
contraceptive:of or relating to contraception
contrabands:trade in smuggled goods
contra-suggestible:tending to respond to a suggestion by believing or doing the contrary
intersection:a point or line common to lines or surfaces that intersect
interact:act in such a way as to have an effect on another; act reciprocally
interfere:handle or adjust (something) without permission
interchange:put each of (two things) in the other’s place
interstate:existing or carried on between states
intravenous:existing or taking place within, or administered into, a vein or veins
introduction:the bringing of a product, measure, concept, etc.
intromission:the action or process of inserting the penis into the vagina in sexual intercourse
introduce:occur at the start of; open
introject:the unconscious adoption of the ideas or attitudes of others
postwar:occurring or existing after a war
postal:of or relating to the post office or the mail
postnatal:of, relating to, characteristic of, or denoting the period after childbirth
postmodern: a late 20th-century style and concept in the arts, architecture, and criticism that represents a departure from modernism and has at its heart a general distrust of grand theories and ideologies as well as a problematical relationship with any notion
subsoil:the soil lying immediately under the surface soil
submarine:a warship with a streamlined hull designed to operate completely submerged in the sea for long periods, equipped with an internal store of air and a periscope and typically armed with torpedoes and/or missiles
sub-tropic:the regions adjacent to or bordering on the tropics
sumacid:(of a fruit) moderately sharp to the taste
subalpine:of or situated on the higher slopes of mountains just below the treeline
superacid:a solution of a strong acid in a very acidic (usually nonaqueous) solvent, functioning as a powerful protonating agent
supercalender:give a highly glazed finish to (paper) by calendering it more than normally calendered paper
supersede:take the place of (a person or thing previously in authority or use); supplant
superbly:in an excellent way
supercharger:a device that increases the pressure of the fuel-air mixture in an internal combustion engine, used in order to achieve greater efficiency
trans-fat:another term for trans-fatty acid
transection:cut across or make a transverse section in.
transcoding:convert (language or information) from one form of coded representation to another
transcriber:put (thoughts, speech, or data) into written or printed for
aside:to one side; out of the way
accompany:go somewhere with (someone) as a companion or esco
adverb:a word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word-group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree,
attend:be present at (an event, meeting, or function)
associate:connect (someone or something) with something else in one’s mind
absent: not present in a place or at an occasion
absolute:not qualified or diminished in any way; total
absolve:set or declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility
absentminded:(of a person or a person’s behavior or manner) having or showing a habitually forgetful or inattentive disposition
abstain:restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something
adjust:alter or move (something) slightly in order to achieve the desired fit, appearance, or result
adjourn:break off (a meeting, legal case, or game) with the intention of resuming it later
adjoin:be next to and joined with (a building, room, or piece of land
adjudge:consider or declare to be true or the case
adjunct:a thing added to something else as a supplementary rather than an essential part
ambisonic:denoting or relating to a high-fidelity audio system that reproduces the directional and acoustic properties of recorded sound using two or more channels.
ambiguity:uncertainty or inexactness of meaning in languaga
ambisexual:bisexual or androgynous.
ambivert:a person whose personality has a balance of extrovert and introvert features.
ambivalence:having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone
astrobiology:the science concerned with life in space.
astrobleme:an eroded remnant of a large crater made by the impact of a meteorite or comet
astrochemistry:the study of the chemical substances and species occurring in stars and interstellar space.
astrocompass:an instrument designed to indicate direction with respect to the stars
astrocyte:a star-shaped glial cell of the central nervous system.
be-(cause to be)
because:for the reason that; since
becloud:cause to become obscure or muddled:
become:begin to be
belittle:make (someone or something) seem unimportant
benevolent:well meaning and kindly
benefit:an advantage or profit gained from something
benefactor:a person who gives money or other help to a person or cause
benefactress:a woman benefactor
by-blow:a side-blow not at the main target.
a man’s illegitimate child.
by-catch:the unwanted fish and other marine creatures caught during commercial fishing for a different species.
by-form:a secondary form of a word
by-law:a rule made by a company or society to control the actions of its members.
by-product:entailment, corollary; ramification, repercussion, spinoff, fallout; fruits.
circumambulate:walk all the way around (something)
circumcise:cut off the foreskin of (a young boy or man, esp. a baby) as a religious rite, esp. in Judaism and Islam, or as a medical treatment
circumflex:bending around something else; curved :
circumfuse:pour (a liquid) so as to cause it to surround something
circumlunar:moving or situated around the moon
convenient:fitting in well with a person’s needs, activities, and plans
confirm:establish the truth or correctness
confluent:flowing together or merging
compress:flatten by pressure; squeeze; press
dealcholise:remove amount of alcohol
deemphasis:flatten by pressure; squeeze; press
reenergize:disconnect (an electric circuit) from a power supply
deescalate:reduce the intensity of (a conflict or potentially violent situation).
demode:out of fashion.
depart:leave, typically in order to start a journey
deplete:use up the supply of; exhaust the abundance of
desacralize:remove the religious or sacred status or significance from
decrease:become smaller or less in size, amount, intensity, or degree
descent:move or fall downward
deciliter:a metric unit of capacity, equal to one tenth of a liter.
decameter:a metric unit of length, equal to 10 meters.
decimal:relating to or denoting a system of numbers and arithmetic based on the number ten, tenth parts, and powers of ten
decadal: a period of ten years
decade:a period of ten years
diachronic:concerned with the way in which something, esp. language, has developed and evolved through time
diabolic:belonging to or so evil as to recall the Devil
dialectic:the art of investigating or discussing the truth of opinions.
diagnosis:the identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms
dialogue:conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie
disability: a physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements, senses, or activities
disobey:fail to obey (rules, a command, or someone in authority)
disoblige:offend (someone) by not acting in accordance with their wishes
disorder:a state of confusion
disabuse:persuade (someone) that an idea or belief is mistaken
enable:give (someone or something) the authority or means to do something
enact:1 (often be enacted) make (a bill or other proposal) law
embody:be an expression of or give a tangible or visible form to (an idea, quality, or feeling)
emasculate:make (a person, idea, or piece of legislation) weaker or less effective
encage:confine in or as in a cage.
extinct:(of a species, family, or other larger group) having no living members
exchange:an act of giving one thing and receiving another
excavator:a person who removes earth carefully and systematically from an archaeological site in order to find buried remains.
exceed:be greater in number or size than (a quantity, number, or other measurable thing
excavate:make (a hole or channel) by digging
forearm:the part of a person’s arm extending from the elbow to the wrist or the fingertips.
forebode:(of a situation or occurrence) act as a warning of (something bad)
forebrain:the anterior part of the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, the thalamus, and the hypothalamus.
foreknow:be aware of (an event) before it happens
extra-virgin:denoting a particularly fine grade of olive oil made from the first pressing of the olives and containing a maximum of one percent oleic acid
extracurricular:(of an activity at a school or college) pursued in addition to the normal course of study
extremity:the furthest point or limit of something
extramural:outside the walls or boundaries of a town, college, or institution
extrados:the upper or outer curve of an arch
heteroaromatic:denoting an organic compound with a ring structure that is both heterocyclic and aromatic
heterodox:not conforming with accepted or orthodox standards or beliefs
heterogeneous:diverse in character or content
heterogamy: marriage between people from different sociological or educational backgrounds.
heterotroph:an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from complex organic substances
monocracy:a system of government by only one person
monotony:lack of variety and interest; tedious repetition and routine
monotonous:dull, tedious, and repetitious; lacking in variety and interest
monogamy:the practice or state of being married to one person at a time.
monolayer:a layer one molecule thick.
polyatomic:consisting of many atoms.
polygamy:the practice or custom of having more than one wife or husband at the same time
polymorphous:the occurrence of something in several different forms, in particular
polyphase:consisting of or occurring in a number of separate stages
polypill:a pill containing a number of medicines that all treat the same condition.
symbiont: either of two organisms that live in symbiosis with one another.
symmetrical:made up of exactly similar parts facing each other or around an axis; showing symmetry
sympathize:feel or express sympathy
symphony:an elaborate musical composition for full orchestra, typically in four movements, at least one of which is traditionally in sonata form
syllabus: an outline of the subjects in a course of study or teaching
multitasking:the simultaneous execution of more than one program or task by a single computer processor
multicolor:having many colors.
multicultural:of, relating to, or constituting several cultural or ethnic groups within a society
multiethnic:of, relating to, or constituting several ethnic group
multiply:obtain from (a number) another that contains the first number a specified number of times
periphrasis:the use of indirect and circumlocutory speech or writing.
pericope:an extract from a text, esp. a passage from the Bible
periwig: a highly styled wig worn formerly as a fashionable headdress by both women and men.
peripheral:of, relating to, or situated on the edge or periphery of something
perigynous:(of a plant or flower) having the stamens and other floral parts at the same level as the carpels.
semidarkness:a light level in which it is possible to see, but not clearly.
semiannual:occurring twice a year; half-yearly
semibold:printed in a typeface with thick strokes but not as thick as bold
semiclassical: of music) having elements both of classical music and of other more popular genres.
semicircle:a half of a circle or of its circumference.
trialogue:a dialogue between three people
triangular:shaped like a triangle; having three sides and three corners
triathlon:an athletic contest consisting of three different events, typically swimming, cycling, and long-distance running.
triplet:a group of three associated lines close together in a spectrum or electrophoretic gel.
triple:consisting of or involving three parts, things, or people
ultraconservative:extremely conservative in politics or in the observance of religion
ultrafiltration:filtration using a medium fine enough to retain colloidal particles, viruses, or large molecules
ultramarine:a brilliant deep blue pigment originally obtained from lapis lazuli.
ultrasonic:of or involving sound waves with a frequency above the upper limit of human hearing
unique:being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else
unibody:a single molded unit forming both the bodywork and chassis of a vehicle
unibrow:a pair of eyebrows that meet above the nose, giving the appearance of a single the fact of being or consisting of one, or of being united as a.
unicity:he fact of being or consisting of one, or of being united as a whole
unicolor:of one color.
co-belligerent: any of two or more nations engaged in war as allies.
coworker:a fellow worker
colleague:a person with whom one works, esp. in a profession or business
co-occur:occur together or simultaneously
co-brand:designate (a product or service) with the brands of joint manufacturers or sponsors
inject:drive or force (a liquid, esp. a drug or vaccine) into a person or animal’s body with a syringe or similar device
inscribe:write or carve (words or symbols) on something, esp. as a formal or permanent record
impoverish:make (a person or area) poor
include:comprise or contain as part of a whole
involve:(of a situation or event) include (something) as a necessary part or result
illegible:not clear enough to be read
illiterate:unable to read or write
irreponsible:(of a person, attitude, or action) not showing a proper sense of responsibility
illogical:lacking sense or clear, sound reasoning
illegibly:in an unclear way
microanalysis: the quantitative analysis of chemical compounds using a sample of a few milligrams.
microbe:a microorganism, esp. a bacterium causing disease or fermentation.
microbiology:the branch of science that deals with microorganisms.
microarray:a grid of DNA segments of known sequence that is used to test and map DNA fragments, antibodies, or proteins.
microbalance:a balance for weighing masses of a fraction of a gram.
prepay:pay for in advance
preheat:heat (something, esp. an oven or grill)
prehospital:beforehandrelating to procedures administered or care provided prior to a patient’s arrival at a hospital
prehensile:(chiefly of an animal’s limb or tail) capable of grasping
prejudice: preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience
reconcile:restore friendly relations between
reconcite:(of a subject or knowledge) little known; abstruse
recalculate:calculate again, typically using different data
remember:have in or be able to bring to one’s mind an awareness of (someone or something that one has seen, known, or experienced in the past)
remedy:a medicine or treatment for a disease or injury
abnormal:deviating from what is normal or usual, typically in a way that is undesirable or worrying
anarchy:a state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority
anemia:a condition marked by a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood, resulting in pallor and weariness.
anonymous:(of a person) not identified by name; of unknown name
apathy:lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
bilingual:(of a person) speaking two languages fluently
biannual:occurring twice a year
bilabial:(of a speech sound) formed by closure or near closure of the lips, as in p, b, m, w
bilateral:having or relating to two sides; affecting both sides
misunderstand:fail to interpret or understand (something) correctly
mistype: make a mistake in typing (a word or letter
misjudge:form a wrong opinion or conclusion about
misappropriate:(of a person) dishonestly or unfairly take (something, esp. money, belonging to another) for one’s own use
misapply:use (something) for the wrong purpose or in the wrong way
hyperactive:abnormally or extremely active
hyperemia:an excess of blood in the vessels supplying an organ or other part of the body.
hypergamy:the action of marrying a person of a superior caste or class.
hyperbolic:of or relating to a hyperbola
hypersonic:relating to speeds of more than five times the speed of sound
homocentric:having the same center.
homogamy:marriage between people from similar sociological or educational backgrounds
homogenous:Biology old-fashioned term for homologous
homogenize:subject (milk) to a process in which the fat droplets are emulsified and the cream does not separate
homophonous:(of a word or words) having the same pronunciation as another or others but different meaning, origin, or spelling.
hypocrisy:the practice of claiming to have moral standards or beliefs to which one’s own behavior does not conform; pretense.
hypostyle:(of a building) having a roof supported by pillars, typically in several rows
hypothesize:put (something) forward as a hypothesis
hypotermal:Geology of or relating to mineral deposits formed at relatively high temperature and pressure
hypotaxis:the subordination of one clause to another.
impolite:not having or showing good manners; rude
impolitic:failing to possess or display prudence; unwise
inaction:lack of action where some is expected or appropriate
inviolate:free or safe from injury or violation
innocent:not guilty of a crime or offense
malfunction:(of a piece of equipment or machinery) fail to function normally or satisfactorily
malefic:causing or capable of causing harm or destruction, esp. by supernatural means
malcontent:a person who is dissatisfied and rebellious.
malaria:an intermittent and remittent fever caused by a protozoan parasite that invades the red blood cells.
maladroit:ineffective or bungling; clumsy
minuet:a slow, stately ballroom dance for two in triple time, popular esp. in the 18th century
minimal: a minimum amount, quantity, or degree; negligible
minibus: a small bus for about ten to fifteen passengers.
minicab:a car that is used as a taxi but that must be ordered in advance because it is not licensed to pick up passengers who hail it in the street.
minimall:a mini market
nonsense:spoken or written words that have no meaning or make no sense
nonword:a group of letters or speech sounds that looks or sounds like a word but is not accepted as such by native speakers.
nonprofit:not making or conducted primarily to make a profit
nonpast:a tense not expressing a past action or state.
nonwhite:denoting or relating to a person whose origin is not predominantly European.
ob-(in the way of)
obligato:variant spelling of obbligato
obedient:complying or willing to comply with orders or requests; submissive to another’s wil
obstruct: block (an opening, path, road, etc.); be or get in the way of
obstacle:a thing that blocks one’s way or prevents or hinders progress
obviate:remove (a need or difficulty)
outburst:a sudden release of strong emotion
outlaw:a person who has broken the law, esp. one who remains at large or is a fugitive.
outpace:go faster than
outplay:play better than
omnifarious:comprising or relating to all sorts or varieties.
omnibus:a volume containing several novels or other items previously published separately
omnirange:a navigation system in which short-range omnidirectional VHF transmitters serve as radio beacons.
omnisexual:involving, related to, or characterized by a diverse sexual propensity.
overachieve:do better than is expected, esp. in academic work
overact:(of an actor) act a role in an exaggerated manner
overarm:adjective & adverb done with the arm moving above the level of the shoulder.
overage:an excess or surplus, esp. the amount by which a sum of money is greater than a previous estimate.
persecute:subject (someone) to hostility and ill-treatment, esp. because of their race or political or religious beliefs
permit:give authorization or consent to (someone) to do something
perspire:give out sweat through the pores of the skin as the result of heat, physical exertion, or stress
persuade:cause (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument
pertinent:relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite
SUFFİXES (NOUN FORMİNG SUFFİXES)
trustee:an individual person or member of a board given control or powers of administration of property in trust with a legal obligation to administer it solely for the purposes specified
nominee:1 a person who is proposed or formally entered as a candidate for an office or as the recipient of a grant or award
referee: an official who watches a game or match closely to ensure that the rules are adhered to and (in some sports) to arbitrate on matters arising from the play
trainee:a person undergoing training for a particular job or profession.
arranger:put (things) in a neat, attractive, or required order
senator:a member of a senate
florist:a person who sells and arranges plants and cut flowers.
Egyptian:sb. from Egypt
benefactress:a female benefactor.
heroine:a woman admired or idealized for her courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities
empress: the wife or widow of an emperor
teenage:denoting a person between 13 and 19 years old
wreckage:the remains of something that has been badly damaged or destroyed
leakage:the accidental admission or escape of a fluid or gas through a hole or crack
marriage:the formal union of a man and a woman, typically recognized by law, by which they become husband and wife
structural: of, relating to, or forming part of the structure of a building or other item
territorial:of or relating to the ownership of an area of land or sea unambiguously explicit and direct unambiguously explicit and direct
categorical:unambiguously explicit and direct
approval:the action of officially agreeing to something or accepting something as satisfactory
concurrence:be of the same opinion; agree
interference:the action of interfering or the process of being interfered with
penance:voluntary self-punishment inflicted as an outward expression of repentance for having done wrong
tenancy:possession of land or property as a tenant
patience:the capacity to accept or tolerate delay, trouble, or suffering without getting angry or upset
questinnary:a set of printed or written questions with a choice of answers, devised for the purposes of a survey or statistical study
binary:relating to, composed of, or involving two things
secretary:an official of a society or other organization who conducts its correspondence and keeps its records
functionary:a person who has to perform official functions or duties; an official
compulsory:required by law or a rule; obligatory
delinquency:minor crime, esp. that committed by young people
illiteracy:incompetence or knowledge in a specified area
secrecy:the action of keeping something secret or the state of being kept secret
efficiency:the state or quality of being efficient
privacy:the state or condition of being free from being observed or disturbed by other people
neighborhood:a district, esp. one forming a community within a town or city
childhood:the state of being a child
girlhood:the state or time of being a girl
motherhood:a woman in relation to a child or childre
n to whom she has given birth
sisterhood:the relationship between sisters
boredom: state of feeling bored
kingdom:a country, state, or territory ruled by a king or queen
freedom:the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint
sheikdom:a leader in a Muslim community or organization
collection:the action or process of collecting someone or something
diversion:an instance of turning something aside from its course
version:a particular form of something differing in certain respects from an earlier form or other forms of the same type of thing
arbitration:the use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute
aviation:the flying or operating of aircraft
communism:a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
Hinduism:a major religious and cultural tradition of the Indian subcontinent, developed from Vedic religion
surrealism:a 20th-century avant-garde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind, for example by the irrational juxtaposition of images
fascism:a 20th-century avant-garde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind, for example by the irrational juxtaposition of images.
mortality:the state of being subject to death
quality:the standard of something as measured against other things of a similar kind; the degree of excellence of something
quantity:the amount or number of a material or immaterial thing not usually estimated by spatial measurement
capability:noun ( pl. -ties) (often capability of doing (or to do) something)
power or ability
cavity: an empty space within a solid object, in particular the human body
arrangement:the action, process, or result of arranging or being arranged
judgement:the ability to make considered decisions or come to sensible conclusions
commitment:the act of committing or the state of being committed.
requirement:need for a particular purpose; depend on for success or survival
kindness:the quality of being friendly, generous, and considerate.
sadness:feeling or showing sorrow; unhappy
seriousness:solemn or thoughtful in character or manner
unkindness: inconsiderate and harsh to others
usefulness:able to be used for a practical purpose or in several ways : a
utility:the state of being useful, profitable, or beneficial
ability:the capacity to do something
capacity:the maximum amount that something can contain
capability:noun ( pl. -ties) (often capability of doing (or to do) something)
power or abilit
texture:the feel, appearance, or consistency of a surface or a substance
mixture:a substance made by mixing other substances together
culture:the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded
achievable:reach or attain (a desired objective, level, or result) by effort, skill, or courag
remarkable:worthy of attention; striking
impossible:not able to occur, exist, or be done
irresistible:too attractive and tempting to be resisted
postnatal:of, relating to, characteristic of, or denoting the period after childbirth
disastrous:causing great damage
courageous:not deterred by danger or pain; brave
numerous:great in number; many
ambitious:having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed
stainless:unmarked by or resistant to stains or discoloration.
friendly:kind and pleasant
elderly:(of a person) old or aging
awesome:extremely impressive or daunting; inspiring great admiration, apprehension, or fear
cumbersome:large or heavy and therefore difficult to carry or use; unwieldy